The Gowanus Canal is a 100-foot wide, 1.8-mile-long canal in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, Kings County, New York. Several communities surround the canal, including Park Slope, Cobble ... Continue reading background
Canal Winchester was founded in 1828 by Reuben Dove and John Colman. When construction of the Ohio & Erie Canal came through Dove's wheat field, he wanted to sue the state. The canal workmen instead convinced him that he would be better off laying out a town, because the area was midway between Columbus and Lancaster. On November 4, 1828, Dove and Colman recorded the first plat for Winchester, Ohio, in Violet Township, Fairfield County. Dove named the village after his father's hometown of Winchester, Virginia.
Winchester flourished because of agriculture and transportation. The Ohio and Erie Canal brought passengers, freight and a means to transport grain to market. The first canal boat floated through Winchester in 1831. The village was named Canal Winchester when the post office was established in 1841, because there were five other locations in the state named Winchester.
The cost of your root canal will depend on which tooth is affected and the complexity of the problem, with molar teeth typically having more canals and a greater degree of difficulty. It will also depend on whether or not you have insurance or need to pay out-of-pocket and whether your dentist or endodontist is in-network or out-of-network. Delta Dental plans cover a variety of root canal (endodontic) treatments. The most common procedures and typical amounts charged by dentists are:
Whether or not your insurance will cover your root canal procedure will depend on your particular plan, but it is common for dental insurance plans to cover 50% - 80% of the cost of a root canal after the deductible has been met.1
Note that the dentist fee includes all appointments and X-rays necessary to complete the root canal treatment (whether it takes one or five appointments, the fee is the same). Also note that these fees do not include the final restoration of the tooth. At a minimum the tooth will need a new filling, and frequently a crown will be the preferred treatment.
The now 14-mile long, 450-foot wide, 35-foot deep canal was a vision of Dutch settler Augustine Herman who saw the need to connect the two bodies of water during the 17th century. He knew that a canal would greatly reduce the 300 mile trip around the coast of Delaware and Maryland and would increase the economic viability of the region.
After several false start due to lack of funds, construction seriously began on the canal in 1824. The Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Company built the original canal along a route identified by engineers from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The route that was chosen would require a system of four locks. Five years and $2.5 million later, the canal was open for business and became one of the most expensive projects of its time.
The canal was purchased by the Federal government in 1919 for $2.5 million and plans for expansion began. At the time of purchase, the operation included six bridges and one railroad crossing. By 1927, the canal had been converted to a sea-level operation with a 12-foot depth and 90-foot width at a cost of $10 million.
Even as the new canal was opened, plans for yet another expansion were being made. From 1933 to 1938 the canal was widened again to 250 feet and deepened to 27 feet for $13 million. But still, the canal was not big enough and between 1938 and 1950, eight ships collided with bridges. In 1954, Congress authorized expansion of the channel to 450 feet wide and 35 feet deep. This work began in the 1960s and was completed in the 1970s.
For more information on the history of the canal, you can visit the C&D Canal Museum. The museum is located in the original pump house used to lift water into the uppermost waterway. The replica Bethel Bridge Lighthouse is also located near the museum and is an example of the lighthouse that used to warn vessels of locks and bridges prior to 1927.
The Bureau of Reclamation began construction of the canal in the 1930s to supply irrigation water for local crops. Delayed by World War II, construction was completed some 20 years later. The canal is maintained by the Contra Costa Water District.
Water is pumped into the canal from the Sacramento/San Joaquin Delta near Rock Slough. The water flows to Martinez, where it is treated to become the water supply for that city and several other cities. For this reason swimming and fishing in the canal are not permitted.
Old Erie Canal State Park is a 36-mile stretch of the 363-mile Old Erie Canal, which has been designated a National Recreational Trail by the National Parks Service. The terrain is woodland and wetland that present opportunities for hiking, picnicking, horseback riding, bicycling, canoeing, fishing, and snowmobiling. Several areas have footbridges that aid access to the canal towpath where visitors can view the remnants of stone aqueducts. 041b061a72